CSTS presents the latest edition of Joining Forces Joining Families (JFJF) Digest, a publication on research related to intimate partner violence and child maltreatment, distributed by the Center for the Study of the Traumatic Stress as part of the Family Violence Trauma Project. It will be of interest to family services professionals, healthcare providers, public health professionals and policy makers among others. This issue features an interview with experts on the perpetration of and effects on victims of bullying with an emphasis on cyberbullying, a review of traditional bullying, cyberbullying, and recent research on risks and benefits of digital technologies that are often used by children and adolescents. Additional content is included on conducting research in the field of bullying and websites that provide information on bullying.
First responders and public health emergency workers can experience a variety of stressors and potentially traumatic events, which increase the risk for distress and mental health disorders. Effective recognition and management of these stressors can enhance the health, well-being, and occupational functioning of these personnel. Below are instruments that assess a broad range of work-life stressors.
A synthesis of important concepts in an area of long-standing interest and involvement, for a classic international psychiatry textbook. Click here for citation
Available for immediate viewing is the 2016 Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress (CSTS) annual report.
This document is an ongoing continuous summary of Army STARRS and STARRS-LS publications. Army STARRS (2009-2015) was the largest and most comprehensive research project of mental health among U.S. Army Soldiers ever conducted. The project was designed to examine a broad range of risk and resilience (protective) factors across a complex set of outcomes including suicidal behaviors and associated mental health issues. Army STARRS scientists created a series of large and extensive databases with the potential to achieve groundbreaking results. These databases allow scientists to investigate a diverse combination of factors from demographic, psychological, biological, neurological, behavioral, and social domains with the goal of generating actionable findings for the Army. The project was designed using an adaptive approach which means it evolved as new information became available over the course of the project. The research team shared preliminary findings, as they became available, with senior Army leadership so the Army could apply them to its ongoing health promotion, risk reduction, and suicide prevention efforts. The work is continuing under the STARRS Longitudinal Study (STARRS-LS) which runs from 2015 to 2020.
In response to the bombing at the Ariana Grande concert in Manchester, England, on Monday, May 22nd, the Center is distributing disaster mental health education fact sheets to support the well-being of responders, families, healthcare providers, and others affected by this event.
A recent Military Medicine article highlights the association of improvised explosive device (IED) rates with risk of suicide among soldiers, both those currently deployed as well as those who are not deployed. This article highlights the potential of new weapons to increase stress burden among soldiers, as well as new targets for intervention and improving psychological resilience. For additional details, please review the abstract.
PubMed: click here
A recent Military Medicine article details the characteristics of U.S. military families who have lost a service member between 2001 and 2011. This article highlights the importance and unique needs of the bereaved military family and serves as an important resource for service providers. For additional details, please review the abstract.
Integrating Emergency Management and Disaster Behavioral Health is the first book to promote the integration of these two professions. The book describes not only the importance of integrating efforts and skills but why this is critical to optimally service disaster victims, survivors, and those who serve them. Each chapter has content from both professions and includes practical ways to implement the recommendations in the chapter.
We present the Winter 2017 edition of Research Review, a digest of brief, easy-to-read summaries of important research in family violence. Research Review will be useful to providers in family advocacy, primary care, mental health, and social services as well as program directors and policy makers. We encourage you to share the digest with individuals and organizations that may benefit from this information.
This article, authored by CSTS Scientist Dr. Joshua Morganstein, reviews six mobile applications that can assist healthcare providers and consumers in the delivery and utilization of mental health care. For additional details, review the abstract here.
The Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress is pleased to announce the first annual CSTS Pre-doctoral fellowship award. This award is in support of a USUHS graduate student for innovative basic or clinical research studies leading to a PhD degree while addressing the primary mission of the CSTS, namely, to research the health consequences of trauma, disaster, and terrorism. This award provides two years of salary support while the pre-doctoral student works on their doctoral studies. The 2016 CSTS Pre-doctoral Fellowship Award recipient is Francis T. Djankpa for his project “The KCC2 influence on neuronal migration in a ferret model of cortical dysplasia.”
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Psychosocial support for pregnant women and for families with microcephaly and other neurological complications in the context of Zika virus: Interim guidance for health-care providers
The World Health Organization has announced that microcephaly associated with Zika virus infection represents a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. A causal relationship between Zika infection during pregnancy and microcephaly is strongly suspected, though not scientifically proven. Several countries have also reported an increase in the incidence of cases of Guillain-Barré syndrome concurrent with Zika virus outbrek. This document describes guidance for a supportive response by healthcare providers (e.g. physicians, nurses), focusing primarily on women affected by Zika virus infection during pregnancy and their families, for their mental health and psychosocial needs.
Disasters and public health emergencies, such as epidemics, can lead to significant community-wide disruptions. Appreciation of the psychiatric consequences of disasters and public health emergencies has increased significantly in the past decade. Dr. Anthony T. Ng's article in Psychiatric Times, "Disaster Psychiatry: What Psychiatrists Need to Know", provides a useful overview of relevant issues.
The Uniformed Services University and Veteran's Administration have partnered to open the national PTSD Brain Bank, where researchers will investigate the impact of stress, trauma and PTSD on brain tissue. This work is being conducted in order to advance the scientific knowledge of PTSD, particularly the identification of PTSD biomarkers. Recent media coverage of the Brain Bank, it's relevance and potential impacts can be found here.
In July 2015, SAMHSA, NCTSN and Military Child Education Coalition (MCEC) partnered together to produce a special pre-conference event in conjunction with MCEC's National Training Seminar in Washington DC. Experts and leadership provided interviews, panel discussions and TED-like talks on issues pertaining to care and support to military connected families and children. In the attached video, CSTS Senior Scientist, Dr. Stephen Cozza provides a framework for interventions to serve the mental health needs of military children. Please click here for more resources from this event.
The United States Global Change Research Program released "The Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States: A Scientific Assessment" to the President. Center Director, Dr. Robert Ursano and Center Scientist, Dr. Joshua Morganstein, served as authors for the chapter on "Mental Health and Well-Being", which outlines the state of current science on the impacts of climate change on mental health.
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